The comic strip Peanuts was created by St. Paul native Charles M. Schulz. Minnesota's center of population is in Hennepin County. It is home to birds of prey, including the largest number of breeding pairs of bald eagles in the lower 48 states as of 2007,[38] red-tailed hawks, and snowy owls. They were harbingers of the water-powered industries around which Minneapolis later grew. Toll Free: 800-657-3717. Minnesota's leading fine art museums include the Minneapolis Institute of Art, the Walker Art Center, the Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum, and The Museum of Russian Art (TMORA). [135], Transportation in Minnesota is overseen by the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) at the state level and by regional and local governments at the local level. The Laural Complex covered part of the north while the Tremplau Hopewell was in the Mississippi river Valley (100 BCE – 500 CE). All the counties in Minnesota, apart from four, have a natural lake. This page was last updated on October 01, 2020. The nation's first indoor shopping mall was Edina's Southdale Center, and its largest is Bloomington's Mall of America. "MINNESOTA" is written in red on the white band. [131] In 2013, nationwide in per-student public education spending, Minnesota ranked 21st. Other large annual festivals include the Saint Paul Winter Carnival, the Minnesota Renaissance Festival, Minneapolis' Aquatennial and Mill City Music Festival, Moondance Jam in Walker, Sonshine Christian music festival in Willmar, the Judy Garland Festival in Grand Rapids, the Eelpout Festival on Leech Lake, and the WE Fest in Detroit Lakes. The Mahtomedi High School Chamber Singers created an official recording of the song, commissioned in 2006 by Secretary of State Mary Kiffmeyer. University of Minnesota professor Norman Borlaug contributed to these developments as part of the Green Revolution. In Greater Minnesota transit services are provided by city systems such as Duluth Transit Authority, Mankato Transit System, MATBUS (Fargo-Moorhead), Rochester Public Transit, Saint Cloud Metro Bus, Winona Public Transit and others. Minnesotans have also made significant contributions to comedy, theater, media, and film. New England in the Life of the World: A Record of Adventure and Achievement By Howard Allen Bridgman page 112, A Collection of Confusable Phrases By Yuri Dolgopolov page 309, Minnesota: A History of the State By Theodore Christian Blegen page 202-203, Sketches of Minnesota, the New England of the West. The state's U.S. Senate seats have generally been split since the early 1990s, and in the 108th and 109th Congresses, Minnesota's congressional delegation was split, with four representatives and one senator from each party. Minnesota is the second northernmost U.S. state (after Alaska) and northernmost contiguous state, as the isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states north of the 49th parallel. We’ve proved Minnesota is the best state time and time again, but we’ll let the statistics speak for themselves this time. [53][54][55][56], Treaties between the U.S. Government and the Dakota and Ojibwe gradually forced the natives off their lands and onto reservations. The growing season varies from 90 days in the far northeast to 160 days in southeast Minnesota near the Mississippi River, and average temperatures range from 37 to 49 °F (3 to 9 °C). The seven-justice Minnesota Supreme Court hears all appeals from the tax court, the workers' compensation court of appeals, first-degree murder convictions, and discretionary appeals from the court of appeals; it also has original jurisdiction over election disputes.[147]. [130] In 2014, Minnesota students earned the tenth-highest average composite score in the nation on the ACT exam. A cult scifi cable TV show, Mystery Science Theater 3000, was created by Joel Hodgson in Hopkins, and Minneapolis, MN. ", "Best Colleges 2009: Liberal Arts Rankings", "Amtrak Train and Bus Stations in the Midwest", "Leadership of the Minnesota House of Representatives 2019", "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections", "Populism Is Alive and Well in Southern Minnesota", "Study: Minnesota tops nation in voter turnout", "Minnesota Democrat becomes first Muslim to win seat in Congress", "Minnesota United officials say 'big dig' at stadium site will begin in spring", "Upper Midwest Athletic Conference – History", "Hazeltine National Golf Club – Premier Golf Destination", "Ice Fishing can be a very exciting experience", "Take to the Trails! Minnesota was the nineteenth state to join the United States after the original 13 colonies … St. Paul native F. Scott Fitzgerald writes of the social insecurities and aspirations of the young city in stories such as Winter Dreams and The Ice Palace (published in Flappers and Philosophers). A Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources online database of state lakes contains thousands of lakes less than an acre in size or unnamed. [18] Many places in the state have similar Dakota names, such as Minnehaha Falls ("curling water" or waterfall), Minneiska ("white water"), Minneota ("much water"), Minnetonka ("big water"), Minnetrista ("crooked water"), and Minneapolis, a hybrid word combining Dakota mní ("water") and -polis (Greek for "city"). Many lakes and rivers are overseen by watershed districts and soil and water conservation districts. The flag has a blue background. Each district has one senator and two representatives, each senatorial district being divided into A and B sections for members of the House. Only a few years later, Minnesota was the first to offer its troops to the Union in the Civil War, though it was the youngest state. In 2018, the DFL retook control of the Minnesota House, while electing DFLer Tim Walz as Governor. Minnesota's court system has three levels. The manufacturing sector now includes technology and biomedical firms, in addition to the older food processors and heavy industry. Private companies based in Minnesota include Cargill, the largest privately owned company in the United States,[92] and Carlson Companies, the parent company of Radisson Hotels. Minneapolis grew around the flour mills powered by St. Anthony Falls. The National Hockey League's Minnesota Wild play in St. Paul's Xcel Energy Center, and reached 300 consecutive sold-out games on January 16, 2008. [165] Previously, the Minnesota North Stars competed in NHL from 1967 to 1993, which played in and lost the 1981 and 1991 Stanley Cup Finals. [27], The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet (701 m), which is only 13 miles (21 km) away from the low point of 601 feet (183 m) at the shore of Lake Superior. Approximately 10.6 million acres (4,300,000 ha; 43,000 km2) of wetlands are within Minnesota's borders, the most of any state outside Alaska.[31]. Broadcast television in Minnesota and the Upper Midwest started on April 27, 1948, when KSTP-TV began broadcasting. On May 11, 1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state admitted into the Union. Tim Walz provides an update on the state's next steps to respond to COVID-19 during a news conference on Wednesday in St. Paul. Lakota Language Consortium (2008). Professional women's sports include the Minnesota Lynx of the Women's National Basketball Association, winners of the 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 WNBA Championships, the Minnesota Lightning of the United Soccer Leagues W-League, the Minnesota Vixen of the Independent Women's Football League, the Minnesota Valkyrie of the Legends Football League, and the Minnesota Whitecaps of the National Women's Hockey League. It was formed out of a 1944 alliance of the Minnesota Democratic and Farmer-Labor parties. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}46°16′51″N 94°18′19″W / 46.2807°N 94.3053°W / 46.2807; -94.3053 (State of Minnesota), This article is about the State of Minnesota. [175] Minnesota is the only U.S. state where bandy is played.[176]. [48], Industrial development and the rise of manufacturing caused the population to shift gradually from rural areas to cities during the early 20th century. Minnesota musicians include Holly Henry, Bob Dylan, Eddie Cochran, The Andrews Sisters, The Castaways, The Trashmen, Prince, Soul Asylum, David Ellefson, Chad Smith, John Wozniak, Hüsker Dü, Owl City, The Replacements, and Dessa. It is known for its displays of seed art, butter sculptures of dairy princesses, the birthing barn, and the "fattest pig" competition. While Minnesota defines a lake as a body of water that covers at least 10 acres, Wisconsin doesn’t have a size requirement. [129] In a 2013 study conducted by the National Center for Educational Statistics comparing the performance of eighth-grade students internationally in math and science, Minnesota ranked eighth in the world and third in the United States, behind Massachusetts and Vermont. Two years later, the Republicans regained control of the Minnesota House,[156] and in 2016, the GOP also regained control of the State Senate.[157]. There are 279 district court judgeships in ten judicial districts. [122], The Minnesota Department of Health is the primary state health agency responsible for public policy and regulation. Meanwhile, squatters, government officials, and others had settled near the fort. December 14, 2020 - The Minnesota Department of Revenue announced the adjusted 2021 individual income tax brackets. [136] In 2006, a constitutional amendment was passed that required sales and use taxes on motor vehicles to fund transportation, with at least forty percent dedicated to public transit. Minnesota produces ethanol fuel and is the first to mandate its use, a ten percent mix (E10). [71], The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Minnesota was 5,639,632 on July 1, 2019, a 6.33 percent increase since the 2010 United States Census. A Minnesota Tax ID Number is a seven-digit number used to report and pay Minnesota business taxes. The Minnesota Legislature is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. [63] When hostilities broke out there were 6,500-7,000 Sioux in the state. The word Minnesota comes from the Dakota[13] name for the Minnesota River, which got its name from one of two words in Dakota: "mní sóta", which means "clear blue water",[14][15] or "Mníssota", which means "cloudy water". Paul or Duluth. The first territorial legislature, held on September 2, 1849,[51] was dominated by men of New England ancestry. [140], Public transit services are available in the regional urban centers in Minnesota including Metro Transit in the Twin Cities, opt out suburban operators Minnesota Valley Transit Authority, SouthWest Transit, Plymouth Metrolink, Maple Grove Transit and others. The region was part of Spanish Louisiana from 1762 to 1802. Office of the Secretary of State Administration. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, and the state is among the best-educated in the nation. Minnesotans helped shape the history of music through popular American culture: the Andrews Sisters' "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" was an iconic tune of World War II, while the Trashmen's "Surfin' Bird" and Bob Dylan epitomize two sides of the 1960s. During the Middle Woodland Period two areas of Hopewell tradition existed in Minnesota. Minor league baseball is represented by major league-sponsored teams and independent teams such as the St. Paul Saints, who play at CHS Field in St. Paul. Office of the Secretary of State 180 State Office Building 100 Rev. The standard (see note) to the flag was surmounted by a golden gopher, and tied with a gold cord and tassel. Appeals from the trial courts and challenges to certain governmental decisions are heard by the Minnesota Court of Appeals, consisting of 19 judges who typically sit in three-judge panels. More than 36 percent of Minnesotans fish, second only to Alaska. The Twin Cities campus of the University of Minnesota is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I school competing in the Big Ten Conference. The state has 67 districts, each with about 60,000 people. [75] The ancestry groups claimed by more than five percent of the population were: German (33.8%), Norwegian (15.3%), Irish (10.5%), Swedish (8.1%), and English (5.4%). The major Interstate highways are Interstate 35 (I-35), I-90, and I-94, with I-35 and I-94 connecting the Minneapolis–St. The Anishinaabe (also known as Ojibwe or Chippewa) were migrating into Minnesota, causing tensions with the Dakota people,[45] and dislocated the Mdewakaton. Nevertheless, farming remained prevalent. [139], Minnesota's principal airport is Minneapolis–St. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean. A small segment of the Scandinavian population attend a traditional lutefisk dinner to celebrate Christmas. Agency Name: Revenue, Minnesota Department of Agency URL: https://www.revenue.state.mn.us Agency Description: The Minnesota Department of Revenue manages the state's revenue system. The Minnesota Daily is the largest student-run newspaper in the U.S.[160] Sites offering daily news on the Web include The UpTake, MinnPost, the Twin Cities Daily Planet, business news site Finance and Commerce and Washington D.C.-based Minnesota Independent. Engineering Research Associates was formed in 1946 to develop computers for the United States Navy. [32] These northern forests are a vast wilderness of pine and spruce trees mixed with patchy stands of birch and poplar. Each of the next six decades saw a 15 percent increase in population, reaching 3.4 million in 1960. Potlucks, usually with a variety of hotdishes, are popular small-town church activities. Since 2016, the Senate has had a slim Republican majority. [150][151] Minnesota has a consistently high voter turnout. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakotaare to the west, and … With incidents of travel in that territory during the summer of 1849. The remainder had fled, the Canadians having set aside two parcels of 7,000 and 8,000 acres for those who crossed into Manitoba. The governor has a cabinet consisting of the leaders of various state government agencies, called commissioners. Stereotypical traits of Minnesotans include "Minnesota nice", Lutheranism, a strong sense of community and shared culture, and a distinctive brand of North Central American English sprinkled with Scandinavian expressions. [94] Its 2019 median household income was $74,593, ranking thirteenth in the U.S. and fifth among the 36 states not on the Atlantic coast. One can also find dozens of varieties of food on a stick, such as Pronto Pups, cheese curds, and deep-fried candy bars. [124][125], U.S. News & World Report's 2014–2015 survey ranked 4,743 hospitals in the United States in 16 specialized fields of care, and placed the Mayo Clinic in the top four in all fields except psychiatry, where it ranked seventh. [43] Today Minnesota has 72 state parks and recreation areas, 58 state forests covering about four million acres (16,000 km2), and numerous state wildlife preserves, all managed by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Science fiction writer Marissa Lingen lives here. Minnesota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. The written testimony on the state licence plates, "10,000 Lakes", is a proud reference to all the lakes of Minnesota. The Independence Party has received enough support to keep major-party status. Paul area, and I-90 traveling east-west along the southern edge of the state. Minnesota also has minor-league professional sports teams. Minnesota inventions: the snowmobile, the first water skis, the first automatic pop-up toaster, the first canned ham and spam, masking and scotch tape, the stapler, Wheaties, Bisquick, the bundt pan, HMOs. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. Median Household Income", "State and National Employment and Unemployment", "Capella Tower sports a cap, but it can't topple the IDS", "Minnesota – DP-3. Weekend and longer trips to family cabins on Minnesota's numerous lakes are a way of life for many residents. [81] According to the Association of Religion Data Archives, the denominations with the most adherents in 2010 were the Roman Catholic Church with 1,150,367; the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 737,537; and the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod with 182,439. After many years of unequal treaties and forced resettlement by the state and federal government, the tribes re-organized into sovereign tribal governments. [123] The Mayo Clinic, a world-renowned hospital based in Rochester, was founded by William Worrall Mayo, an immigrant from England. Minnesota has gone for the Democratic Party in every presidential election since 1960, with the exception of 1972, when it was carried by Republican Richard Nixon. [23][24] About 2.7 billion years ago basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean; the remains of this volcanic rock formed the Canadian Shield in northeast Minnesota. State of ID Number Example: Minnesota Minneapolis Excelsior . Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. [171], In the warmer months, these activities often involve water. [114] The fair covers the variety of Minnesota life, including fine art, science, agriculture, food preparation, 4-H displays, music, the midway, and corporate merchandising. Minnesota is state number 32 of the 50 states of the United States of America. The scene is surrounded by ladyslippers, Minnesota's state flower. [48] As many as 800 settlers died during the war. Minnesota experiences temperature extremes characteristic of its continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers. While loss of habitat has affected native animals such as the pine marten, elk, woodland caribou, and bison,[36] others like whitetail deer and bobcat thrive. Minnesota is the only state with an official State Photograph, Grace by Eric Enstrom. Minnesota has four ecological provinces: prairie parkland, in the southwestern and western parts of the state; the eastern broadleaf forest (Big Woods) in the southeast, extending in a narrowing strip to the state's northwestern part, where it transitions into tallgrass aspen parkland; and the northern Laurentian mixed forest, a transitional forest between the northern boreal forest and the broadleaf forests to the south. Innovations by Minneapolis millers led to the production of Minnesota "patent" flour, which commanded almost double the price of "bakers'" or "clear" flour, which it replaced. Both the Democratic and Republican parties have major-party status in Minnesota, but its state-level Democratic party has a different name, officially known as the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL). 24.2% of the population was under the age of 18; 9.5% between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% from 25 to 44; 27.1% from 45 to 64; and 12.9% 65 or older.[73]. The Vikings' current stadium hosted Super Bowl LII in February, 2018. Minnesota's earliest industries were fur trading and agriculture. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted. State of Minnesota ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Derived from the Sioux Indian word minisota, meaning "sky-tinted waters." [76], In 2011 non-Hispanic whites were involved in 72.3 percent of all the births. The Twins also advanced to the 1965 World Series, where they lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers in seven games. Paul Metropolitan Area connecting a variety of sites of historic, cultural, and geologic interest.[44]. In the 1980s, influential hit radio groups and musicians included Prince, The Original 7ven, Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis, The Jets, Lipps Inc., and Information Society. The central seal pictures a farmer plowing a field and an Indian riding a horse toward the sun. [23] These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock. The Minnesota Timberwolves joined the NBA in 1989, and have played in Target Center since 1990. Regional development commissions (RDCs) provide technical assistance to local governments in broad multi-county area of the state. Here are 10 of MN’s number one rankings: [78], Minnesota has the country's largest Somali population,[79] with an estimated 57,000 people, the largest concentration outside of the Horn of Africa. Located on the Mississippi Flyway, Minnesota hosts migratory waterfowl such as geese and ducks, and game birds such as grouse, pheasants, and turkeys. In addition to the city and county levels of government found in the United States, Minnesota has other entities that provide governmental oversight and planning. The Minnesota Twins have played in the Major League Baseball in the Twin Cities since 1961. [34] Nearly all Minnesota's prairies and oak savannas have been fragmented by farming, grazing, logging, and suburban development.[35]. It shares a Lake Superior water b… Joel and Ethan Coen, Terry Gilliam, Bill Pohlad, and Mike Todd contributed to the art of filmmaking as writers, directors, and producers. Hubert Humphrey brought national attention to the state with his address at the 1948 Democratic National Convention. The large number of lakes has seen the state nicknamed “Land of 10,000 lakes.” Minnesota has over 11,842 lakes that occupy an area of approximately 10,000 hectares. Before Europeans arrived, Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples going back to the archaic hunter-gatherers of the Woodland period. Minnesota Bounties On Dakota Men During The US-Dakota War,Hamline University, C. Rotel, 2013, Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, The US-Dakota War 1862, Minnesota Historical Society website, The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference, List of Minnesota locations by per capita income, List of television shows and movies in Minnesota, List of colleges and universities in Minnesota, Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System, Minneapolis–St. The Northstar Line commuter rail service runs from Big Lake to the Target Field station in downtown Minneapolis. Cloud State University and Bemidji State University. [102] In 2019 there were more than 411 service stations supplying E85 fuel, comprising 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline. Nineteen yellow stars surround the seal on a white band; these stars symbolize that fact Minnesota was the 19th state to enter the union after the first 13. Your driver's license is your MN ID No [1] . With a map by E. S. SEYMOUR page xii, Northern Lights: The Stories of Minnesota's Past By Dave Kenney, Hillary Wackman, Nancy O'Brien Wagner page 94, The controversial career of Minnesota’s first territorial governor, Alexander Ramsey, MINNPOST web page, By Jayne Becker, Oct. 1, 2018, U.S.-Dakota War’s aftermath a ‘dark moment’ in Fort Snelling history, Pioneer Press, Nick Woltman, May 2019. If you need one, you can apply through Business Tax Registration. Answer: . [85] Minnesota is home to more than 30 mosques, mostly in the Twin Cities metro area. In the United States, Minneapolis's number of theater companies ranks behind only New York City's,[111] and about 2.3 million theater tickets were sold in the Twin Cities annually as of 2006. William Norris left Sperry in 1957 to form Control Data Corporation (CDC). The ore went by rail to Duluth and Two Harbors for ship transport east via the Great Lakes. QuickFacts Minnesota. Minneapolis has hosted the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship in 1951, 1992, 2001, and 2019. The state is also a leader in the printing and paper-products industries. In 1861 residents of Mankato formed the Knights of the Forest, with a goal of eliminating all Native Americans from Minnesota. Medical care in the state is provided by a comprehensive network of hospitals and clinics operated by a number of large providers including Allina Hospitals & Clinics, CentraCare Health System, Essentia Health, HealthPartners, M Health Fairview and the Mayo Clinic Health System. 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Superior water border with Wisconsin to the popularity of these Things created an official state Photograph Grace! 69 ] constitutional offices are Secretary of state, attorney general, Saint! ] while Minnesota has chosen not to implement school vouchers, [ 172 ] boating canoeing! Associates was formed out of a 1944 alliance of the Mississippi River was part of the licence! Election, and high-velocity straight-line winds is the only locally owned television company in Minnesota testimony.