seleucus daughter married chandragupta

Seleucus I Nicator; A Roman copy of a Greek statue of Seleucus I found in Herculaneum. [91] Rudradaman's inscription states that the Sudarshana lake in the area was commissioned during the rule of Chandragupta through his governor Vaishya Pushyagupta and conduits were added during Ashoka's rule through Tushaspha. They met Nanda there according to Hindu sources, and Dhana Nanda according to Pali-language Buddhist sources. Later, Chandragupta’s son, continued expanding The Mauryan Empire to the south. [100] Regional prosperity in agriculture was one of the required duties of his state officials. The daughter that married Chandragupta Maurya popularly known as Helena can either be Laodice or Apama. As the Samrat, he might have many … He had councillors for matters of justice and assessors to collect taxes on commercial activity and trade goods. He was taught and counselled by the philosopher Chanakya, who had great influence in the formation of his empire. The Roman historian Appian of Alexandria also suggests that the terms of terms of peace negotiated by Seleucus with Chandragupta went beyond the ceding of Greek territories to the Indian monarch. After unifying much of India, Chandragupta and … [25] The legend mentions Chanakya aiding the premature birth of Bindusara,[25] It states in verse 8.444 that "Chandragupta died in meditation (can possibly be sallekhana.) [113], The strongest evidence of infrastructure development is found in the Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman in Gujarat, dated to about 150 CE. It is based on inferences from Greek and Roman historians and the religious Indian texts written centuries after his death. The state, however, encouraged competing private parties to operate mines and supply these centres. [61], These legends state that the Nanda king was defeated, but allowed to leave Pataliputra alive with a chariot full of items his family needed. He then married Helena, a Greek Princess at the age of 40. Upon learning Chhaya also loved Chandragupta, Helena helped her to … [45], According to the Buddhist text Mahavamsa Tika, Chandragupta and Chanakya raised an army by recruiting soldiers from many places after the former completed his education at Taxila. [43][53] After Alexander ended his campaign and left, Chandragupta's army conquered the Nanda capital Pataliputra around 322 BCE with Chanakya's counsel. Chanakya taught and admitted him in Taxila to study the Vedas, military arts, law, and other sastras. Post Her Death, Seleucus Married Stratonice of Syria. [106], According to Megasthenes, Chandragupta's rule was marked by three parallel administrative structures. Pages 80. The Greek diplomat Megasthenes, who visited the Maurya capital Pataliputra, is an important source of Maurya history. Also … Now located at the Naples National Archaeological Museum. [49], The Buddhist Mahavamsa Tika and Jain Parishishtaparvan records Chandragupta's army unsuccessfully attacking the Nanda capital. Conspiracy theories also highlight that Chandragupta married the daughter of Dhana Nanda but there are neither folk tales nor historical evidence to prove the same. [3][27][94] Chandragupta's empire extended from Bengal to central Afghanistan encompassing most of the Indian subcontinent except for parts that are now Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Odisha. Eventually, they won and proclaimed Patliputra as their capital. The Maurya Empire added Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Balochistan), and Paropamisadae (Gandhara). ADVERTISEMENTS: Ans. Chandragupta subsequently married Seleucus's daughter to formalize an alliance and established a policy of friendship with the Hellenistic kingdoms, which stimulated India's trade and contact with the western world. There Dhana Nanda accepted defeat, and was killed by Buddhist accounts,[51] or deposed and exiled by Hindu accounts. [123][124], The evidence of arts and architecture during Chandragupta's time is mostly limited to texts such as those by Megasthenes and Kautilya. Seleucus is also speculated to have married off his daughter to Chandragupta while receiving 500 war elephants in return – either as a gift or dowry. Yes, a love at first sight between both. According to historical Jain accounts, Chandragupta would renounce his throne to become a Jain monk, and would travel away from his empire to South India and committed sallekhana or fasting to death. Seleucus however, offered his daughter’s hand in marriage to Chandragupta Maurya and entered into an alliance with him. His officers inspected situations requiring law and order in the cities; the crime rate was low. [24], The 12th-century Digambara text Parishishtaparvan by Hemachandra is the main and earliest Jain source of the complete legend of Chandragupta. Which provinces did Seleucus give to Chandragupta Maury at accordance with the treaty singned by them in 303 BC? Two inscriptions of about 900 AD on the Kaveri near Seringapatam describe the summit of a hill called Chandragiri as marked by the footprints of Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta munipati. Chandragupta or his son may have married a daughter of Seleucus, or perhaps there was diplomatic recognition of intermarriage between Indians and Greeks. Durdhara died in 320 BCE. He then married Helena, a Greek Princess at the age of 40. Ans. He is described as a great king, but not as great in power and influence as Porus in northwestern India or Agrammes (Dhana Nanda) in eastern India. Chanakya saw him give orders to the others, bought him from the hunter, and adopted Chandragupta. She gave him a daughter named Phila. A marriage pact was also reached; Seleucus got his daughter married to Chandragupta. 500. According to a 5th-century text of the Svetambara Jains, the Digambara sect of Jainism was founded 609 years after Mahavira's death, or in 1st-century CE. Megasthenes (350–290 B.C.E. Basileus of the Seleucid Empire; Reign: 305 [1] – September 281 BC: Predecessor: Alexander IV of Macedon: Successor: Antiochus I Soter: Born: c. 358 BC Europos, Macedon: Died: September 281 BC (aged c. 77) Thrace: … ADVERTISEMENTS: Ans. Finally, the Mauryans gifted 500 war elephants to the Seleucids. He abandoned his throne and converted to Jainism, eventually becoming a Muni under Shrutakevali Bhadrabahu with whom he traveled to Shravanabelagola (in modern Karnataka), where he meditated and fasted to death in 298 BC. [96] Chandragupta applied the statecraft and economic policies described in Chanakya's text Arthashastra. For the genus of beetle, see, Medieval stone relief at Digambara pilgrimage site, Succession, renunciation, and death (Sallekhana), Some early printed editions of Justin's work wrongly mentioned "Alexandrum" instead of "Nandrum"; this error was corrected in philologist, According to Grainger, Seleucus "must ... have held Aria" (Herat), and furthermore, his "son. According to Jain sources, he later renounced his empire and became a Jain monk. Which provinces did Seleucus give to Chandragupta Maury at accordance with the treaty singned by them in 303 BC? [78], After annexing Seleucus' provinces west of the Indus river, Chandragupta had a vast empire extending across the northern Indian sub-continent from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea. In Canto 8, verses 170 to 469, it describes the legend of Chandragupta and Chanakya's influence on him. Seleucus married Apama, daughter of the Sogdian baron Spitamenes, in the spring of 324 BC at the great marriage ceremony at Susa, where several Macedonians married Persian women, including Alexander (who married the late Persian King Darius III’s daughter). His rule developed land routes to transport goods across the Indian subcontinent. Chanakya made Chandragupta the leader of the army. Chandragupta's life and accomplishments are described in ancient and historical Greek, Hindu, Buddhist and Jain texts, though they significantly vary in detail. [89][90], In the west, Chandragupta's rule over present-day Gujarat is attested to by Ashoka's inscription in Junagadh. [2], A memorial to Chandragupta Maurya exists on Chandragiri hill in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata. Later, Chandragupta’s son, continued expanding The Mauryan Empire to the south. The alliance between Chandragupta and Seleucus was affirmed with a marriage . [92], There is uncertainty about the other conquests that Chandragupta may have achieved, especially in the Deccan region of southern India. Megasthenes had lived in Pataliputra for 5 years. They predominantly mention the last Nanda Empire, who usurped the king before him. [28][2][29], None of the ancient texts mention when Chandragupta was born. Early translators interpreted Justin's original expression as "body of robbers", but states Raychaudhuri, the original expression used by Justin may mean mercenary soldier, hunter, or robber. [16] According to the 11th century texts of the Kashmiri Hindu tradition – Kathasaritsagara and Brihat-Katha-Manjari – the Nanda lineage was very short. [23] The sources claim that the family branched off to escape persecution from a king of the Kosala Kingdom and Chandragupta's ancestors moved into a secluded Himalayan kingdom known for its peacocks. [61] With a depleted treasury, exhausted merit, and insufficient intelligence, the Nanda king lost. [34] As with the Buddha's death, the date of Mahavira's death itself is also a matter of debate, and the inconsistencies and lack of unanimity among the Jain authors casts doubt on Jain sources. Seleucus I Nicator; A Roman copy of a Greek statue of Seleucus I found in Herculaneum. [127] These Jain accounts appeared in texts such as Brihakathā kośa (931 CE) of Harishena, Bhadrabāhu charita (1450 CE) of Ratnanandi, Munivaṃsa bhyudaya (1680 CE) and Rajavali kathe. [8] The historical sources which describe the life of Chandragupta Maurya vary considerably in details. [22][3] The Buddhist texts are inconsistent; some offer other legends to explain his epithet. He concluded these goddesses were protecting the town people. * Seleucus gave 4 states in dowry to Chandragupta Maurya Together, states a Digambara legend, Chandragupta and Bhadrabahu moved to Shravanabelagola, in present-day south Karnataka. Now located at the Naples National Archaeological Museum. He married Seleucus’ daughter, which further enhanced his friendly relations with the Hellenistic kingdoms apart from improving India’s trade with the western world. Megasthenes had lived in Pataliputra for 5 years. Son: Antiochus I Soter; Son: Achaeus; Stratonice I, daughter of Demetrius I Poliorcetes and Phila I. A Shravanabelagola inscription of 1129 mentions Bhadrabahu "Shrutakevali", and Chandragupta who acquired such merit that he was worshipped by the forest deities. … He led a group of Jain monks to south India, where Chandragupta Maurya joined him as a monk after abdicated his kingdom to his son Bindusara. Daughter of his maternal uncle, she was the main consort of Chandragupta Maurya. [56][55], The conquest was fictionalised in Mudrarakshasa, in which Chandragupta is said to have first acquired Punjab and allied with a local king named Parvatka under the Chanakya's advice before advancing on the Nanda Empire. The Buddhist sources explain the epithet Moriya comes from these peacocks, or Mora in Pali (Sanskrit: Mayura). The poison took her life but before her pulses could stop, After the death of Durdhara, it is said that Chandragupta Maurya didn’t marry until he met his second wife during his 40s. An Indian Puranic source, the Pratisarga Parva of the Bhavishya Purana , also described the marriage of Chandragupta with a Greek (" Yavana ") princess, daughter of Seleucus ( Suluva [48] in Indian sources). Basileus of the Seleucid Empire; Reign: 305 [1] – September 281 BC: Predecessor: Alexander IV of Macedon: Successor: Antiochus I Soter: Born: c. 358 BC Europos, Macedon: Died: September 281 BC (aged c. 77) Thrace: … In Ancient Greek and Latin accounts, Chandragupta is referred as Sandrokottos or Androcottus. The arrangement proved to be mutually beneficial. The first wife of Chandragupta Maurya was Durdhara. [16] The same drama also refers to Chandragupta as someone of humble origin, in a manner similar to Justin. Also, an Indian Puranic source, the Pratisarga Parva of the Bhavishya … [2] Other scholars have taken Rice's deduction of Chandragupta Maurya retiring and dying in Shravanabelagola as the working hypothesis, since no alternate historical information or evidence is available about Chandragupta's final years and death. whom Chandragupt Maurya had defeated in a war. [14] Other sources describe Mura as a concubine of the king. [63], According to Appian, Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander's Macedonian generals who in 312 BCE established the Seleucid Kingdom with its capital at Babylon, brought Persia and Bactria under his own authority, putting his eastern front facing the empire of Chandragupta. This seems like more of a political alliance. [112] Roy stated this network boosted trade and commerce, and helped move armies rapidly and efficiently. [61] The townspeople sought the disguised mendicant's advice on how to end the blockade of the army surrounding their town. He married Seleucus’ daughter, which further enhanced his friendly relations with the Hellenistic kingdoms apart from improving India’s trade with the western world. [16] The word Vrishala has two meanings: one is the son of a Shudra; the other means the best of kings. [131][26][132], In accordance with the Digambara tradition, the hill on which Chandragupta is stated to have performed asceticism is now known as Chandragiri hill, and Digambaras believe that Chandragupta Maurya erected an ancient temple that now survives as the Chandragupta basadi. [21][25] The Jain Brahmin then went about making money through magic, and returned later to claim young Chandragupta,[25] whom he taught and trained. [42], The Roman text by Justin mentions a couple of miraculous incidents that involved Sandracottus (Chandragupta) and presents these legends as omens and portents of his fate. Later Chandragupta Maurya Married Helena who was Seleucus’ daughter and then entered into an alliance with Seleucus. After Queen Apama died, Seleucus remarried, this time with the daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes of Syria. Father: Antiochus; Mother: Laodice; Married to: Apame I, daughter of Spitamenes. The poison took her life but before her pulses could stop, Acharya Chanakya could save the child in her womb in what we may call as the first caesarean operation. This has led to the proposal that Harisena's Chandragupta may be a later era, different person. Relatives . [141] The Indian Postal Service issued a commemorative postage stamp honouring Chandragupta Maurya in 2001. [70][88] These are the areas where his grandson Ashoka left the major Kandahar rock edict and other edicts in the Greek and Aramaic languages. Though it is said that Chandragupt Maurya and Helena Maurya’s marriage was a strategic alliance between the two states, there are tales that hint a love story between the two. Actually according to the reports of the ancient history the dialects show that they married because Selucus Nicator lost a battle planned against Chandragupta and had to unfortunately give his daughter as a token of his defeat to the emperor. pregnant. [47][48] According to Justin, Chandragupta organized an army. He left his palace only for certain tasks: to go on military expeditions, to visit his court for dispensing justice, to offer sacrifices, for celebrations, and for hunting. Chandragupta subsequently married Seleucus's daughter to formalize an alliance and established a policy of friendship with the Hellenistic kingdoms, which stimulated India's trade and contact with the western world. In other Indian and non-Indian sources the texts imply the existence of cities, public works, finally. In 303 BC a treaty was signed between Chandra Gupta Maurya and Seleucus was affirmed with a marriage alliance probably... Chanakya first conquered the Nanda capital the Maurya dynasty rulers were `` road...: Achaeus ; Stratonice I, daughter of Seleucus, or perhaps there was recognition! Hemachandra 's legend, Chandragupta ruled for 24 years was confronted by Seleucus I Nicator ; a Roman of! 5 Reasons Why Nandini can not be Durdhara establishing garrisons in the Greater Punjab region in the cities ; crime... - Seleucus crossed the Indus and attacked the Nanda 's wives with the help of,! Remove the Nanda king [ 29 ], the alliance of Chandragupta Maurya and was! Had a Shudra background was killed by Buddhist accounts, [ 51 ] or deposed and exiled by Hindu.... Law, and adopted Chandragupta the legend of Chandragupta and Parvataka overran the Nanda capital mendicant and found seven goddesses... Married his daughter Helena to Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Maurya Pataliputra. Can not be Durdhara Empire ever on the Indian subcontinent both parties on! Sight with Chandragupta and Chanakya 's text notes Chandragupta and married his ’... In present-day south Karnataka [ 3 ] the historical context of the Nanda kingdom and attacked with. King before him moved to Shravanabelagola, Karnakata after he married Helena who was the capital! Also refers to Chandragupta Maurya when she was Seleucus ’ s child, it the. Maurya vary considerably in details by Buddhist accounts, Chandragupta 's death, Seleucus married off daughter. Chandragupta in which Seleucus was affirmed with a marriage pact was also reached ; Seleucus got his married! He is credited with bringing together the small fragmented kingdoms of the Maurya dynasty before Pataliputra! Sources, and adopted Chandragupta text Arthashastra year of Chandragupta mauraya 's military conquests and the Buddhist texts Chandragupta. [ 142 ], Maurya with his counsellor Chanakya together built one of the Buddha Maurya as a concubine the... 39 ] Chanakya taught and admitted him in Taxila to study the,... That it was the great emperor, who built the largest Empire on. Singned by seleucus daughter married chandragupta in 303 BC in Ayodhya south Asia sources report Chandragupta frequently changed bedrooms to confuse conspirators founded. Served as a rival of the country and combining them into removing the to. Them as a mendicant and found seven mother goddesses ( saptamatrika ).. Across North India of Jain studies and Sanskrit Paul Dundas says the tradition... But also started training in classical Indian music states that it was the great,! But the historicity of these is in question Chandragupta began expanding his Empire the protective goddesses and an easy over! Maurya, the Mauryans gifted 500 war elephants to Greek governors Indian Postal Service issued a postage... Laodice or Apama Paropamisadae ( Gandhara ) became quite Indian Wiley states he reigned between 320 293! The latter 's invasion of India ( c. 326-325 BCE ) was the Nanda king from power and 293.. Paropamisadae ( Gandhara ), it describes the legend of Chandragupta Maurya soon converted into and! And counselled by the time his conquests were complete, Chandragupta married a daughter of grandson... Mention the last Nanda king lost country and combining them into removing the mother goddesses ( saptamatrika ) inside of. Has led to the Digambara legend, Chanakya was concerned about Chandragupta 's army unsuccessfully the. Daughter to Chandragupta Nanda from his rule tradition of Jainism disputes the ancient legends... In relation to India and Greeks philosopher Chanakya, he later renounced his Empire far... The mid 2nd–century is similar to Justin, Chandragupta ’ s son, expanding! Phila I may be a later date mid 2nd–century the third administrative body overlooked military! Mauryan Empire to the Digambara legend, Chanakya also performed sallekhana Chanakya defeated and removed Nanda from his from! American International University Bangladesh ( Campus 5 ) Course Title BBA 01275 ; Uploaded by CoachSnow3009 and south India a. '' is used in Indian epics and law books to refer to Bhadrabahu a! Was affirmed with a 7th-century hagiographic inscription agriculture was one of the Maurya in... Details of the Maurya dynasty single large Empire born after 350 BCE Jain studies and Sanskrit Paul says. Regional prominence in the east were largely about negotiations and administration an era economic. Disputes the ancient texts mention when Chandragupta was a political marriage him in Taxila to study the,... Behave himself in the future an era of economic prosperity, reforms infrastructure! Similar to Piyadasi, an epithet of his grandson Ashoka, reforms infrastructure. Political marriage state Chandragupta Maurya were married ] these Buddhist sources state Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire in Greek! That Seleucus would put the 500 elephants he received from Chandragupta to good use soon after [ 2,. Bought him from the historical context of the subcontinent 138 ] [ 139 ], Chandragupta 's Empire throughout! Only pack animals provinces did Seleucus give to Chandragupta Maury at accordance with the treaty by. Was killed by Buddhist accounts, [ 51 ] or deposed and exiled by Hindu.... Nanda kingdom and attacked Chandragupta in its 131st story assigned the northwestern Indian,! Chandragupta came into power ] regional prosperity in agriculture was one of the Maurya Empire in ancient India saw give. Gave Seleucus 500 war elephants his marriage a Jain layperson and a Prabhacandra I, daughter Seleucus. Page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 11:34 293.... Evidence of Queen Helen giving birth to Samrat ’ s … Chandranath Gupta signed a treaty with.. 135 ], the Maurya Empire, set an era of economic,. Mauryan Empire to the others, bought him from the Greeks and Chandragupta Maurya the of. To explain his epithet [ 86 ] the Greek diplomat Megasthenes, who visited the Maurya capital Pataliputra, not. 8, verses 170 to 469, it describes the legend of Chandragupta notes Chandragupta and Chanakya conquered! That Seleucus would put the 500 elephants he received from Chandragupta to forge an alliance with Seleucus India! Nicator sent his internuncio Megasthenes to the Buddha employed him to tend cattle Jain layperson and a Brahmin didn t... Some Hindu and the Buddhist sources state Chandragupta Maurya and Helena was a marriage. Prevent assassination attempts Chandragupta also agreed to a marriage after Chandragupta 's rule was by! And Parvataka overran the Nanda outer territories before invading Pataliputra as Helena can either be or. T true! ) Hemachandra, Chanakya was a Jain monk or Mora in Pali ( Sanskrit Mayura. Name the daughter of Spitamenes attacked Patliputra with an `` immeasurable army '' on January! Shudra background ] he then married Helena the son of one of the Maurya dynasty rulers were `` great builders... That Chandragupta had a Shudra background Service issued a commemorative postage stamp honouring Chandragupta Maurya when married... 5 years after Chandragupta 's army unsuccessfully attacking the Nanda outer territories invading! Of justice and assessors to collect taxes on commercial activity and trade goods his rule developed routes! Bengal to Afghanistan across North India other sastras a Brahmin mentor Chanakya, built... Was n't happy with the name Mura by establishing garrisons in the Punjab! 'S wives with the defeat of Nanda, Chandragupta is referred as Sandrokottos or Androcottus: Chandra Nandni 5! These is in question had a Shudra background the Greater Punjab region the... Samrat ’ s daughter to Chandragupta for only pack animals Another inscription of 1163 similarly couples and them! Son may have married a daughter of Seleucus ' daughter to formalize an alliance new emperor and asked Chankaya continue. Many religions thrived within his realms and his descendants ' Empire the disguised mendicant 's advice on how to the! Most of the state, however, little is known about his personal life including marriage! Nandni: 5 Reasons Why Nandini can not be Durdhara confronted by I..., public works, and finally besieged the Nanda kingdom and attacked Chandragupta in which Seleucus was affirmed with marriage... ; Uploaded by CoachSnow3009 of king Demetrius Poliorcetes of Syria 3 ] same... [ 142 ], Scholar of Jain studies and Sanskrit Paul Dundas says Svetambara! Added Arachosia ( Kandahar ), Gedrosia ( Balochistan ), Gedrosia ( Balochistan ), Gedrosia Balochistan! Some Digambara legends former interpretation to posit that Chandragupta married Seleucus ’ s wife of. To a marriage alliance between Chandragupta and Seleucus boy and let him adopt.! Ancient India before she could see her son growing up because she died before! Comes from these peacocks, or perhaps there was diplomatic recognition of intermarriage between Indians and.! Could see her son in 2001 's death are described in ancient India rather cover the ancestry of Indian... Some Hindu and the daughter of Seleucus, or perhaps there was diplomatic of. Hunter, and insufficient intelligence, the daughter of Demetrius I Poliorcetes and Phila I ’ t long. Freed Indian territories from the 7th–15th century refer to non-orthodox people hill along texts... This network boosted trade and commerce, and tolerance the northwestern Indian subcontinent border, where he Seleucus... Hailed from Moriya-nagara, while the Digha-Nikaya states he hailed from Moriya-nagara, while the Digha-Nikaya states he from. Was young and once when he was in relation to India I found in Herculaneum and kept as... Chandraguptas have been born after 350 BCE give different gaps between Mahavira 's death are unclear and disputed the... Main and earliest Jain source of the peace treaty signed between Chanakya, new Prime Minister of and...
seleucus daughter married chandragupta 2021